What is CSRD in EU?

What is CSRD in EU?

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What is CSRD in EU?

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is EU legislation that mandates EU businesses and certain non-EU subsidiaries to report their environmental and social impacts and the effects of their Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) initiatives. It aims to enhance transparency for stakeholders assessing EU companies' sustainability and associated business risks. Based on 'double materiality,' it requires organizations to disclose their impact on both the environment and society and how sustainability influences their financial health.

EU's Role and Purpose

EU law necessitates that all large companies and all listed companies (excluding listed micro-enterprises) disclose information about the risks and opportunities they perceive from social and environmental issues. This also includes the impact of their activities on society and the environment. Such disclosures aid various stakeholders, including investors, civil society organizations, and consumers, in evaluating a company's sustainability performance, aligning with the European green deal.

Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)

Introduced on 5 January 2023, the CSRD modernizes and amplifies the regulations regarding the social and environmental information that companies must report. This directive expands the scope to include a broader set of large companies and listed SMEs. The primary objective is to provide investors and other stakeholders with the necessary information to gauge the impact of companies on society and the environment. Additionally, it aims to help investors assess financial risks and opportunities stemming from climate change and other sustainability concerns. The first application of these new rules will be in the 2024 financial year, with reports being published in 2025.

European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS)

Companies under the CSRD will have to report according to the ESRS. These standards, developed by the EFRAG (previously known as the European Financial Reporting Advisory Group), will be tailored to EU policies. They will also contribute to international standardization initiatives.

Transition from Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD)

The rules established by the NFRD will remain in effect until companies transition to the CSRD's new rules. Under the NFRD, large companies are required to publish information related to environmental matters, social matters, treatment of employees, respect for human rights, anti-corruption, bribery, and diversity on company boards.

This article provides a comprehensive overview of the EU's efforts to ensure transparency in corporate sustainability reporting, emphasizing the importance of understanding the social and environmental impact of business activities.

The Scope of CSRD

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive aims to expand sustainability information reporting, increasing the number of companies under its mandate from approximately 11,700 to 49,000. The CSRD will apply to large public interest entities with more than 500 employees and includes a delayed implementation timeline starting in January 2024. The directive's scope covers reporting on environmental protection, social responsibility, human rights, anti-corruption, and diversity on company boards. Key requirements include integration into the annual report, external assurance, and adherence to specific reporting principles and formats. It also demands general and topic-specific disclosures, including business models, strategies, sustainability governance, risk management, and materiality assessments. Independent third-party assurance is mandatory in some countries and involves limited assurance, including integration in the auditor's report and alignment with the EU Taxonomy.

CSRD and ESG Compliance

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a crucial component of the EU's Sustainable Finance Package, which aims to redirect capital flows towards sustainable investments. It plays a significant role in ensuring that companies disclose their environmental and social impacts, enabling investors to make informed decisions based on ESG factors. The CSRD aligns with global reporting frameworks such as the Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) and the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), enhancing comparability and transparency across different jurisdictions.


The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a significant development in the EU's efforts to promote sustainable business practices and enhance transparency in corporate reporting. By expanding the scope of reporting and introducing new standards, the CSRD aims to provide stakeholders with comprehensive information about companies' social and environmental impacts. Compliance with the CSRD will be crucial for organizations operating in the EU, as it aligns with global reporting frameworks and supports the EU's broader sustainability goals.

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