What is the criteria for CSRD?

What is the criteria for CSRD?

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The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a significant regulatory development by the European Commission that will affect nearly 50,000 companies in the EU. It was adopted to enhance the existing Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD) by setting more detailed reporting requirements and expanding the scope to include more companies.

Purpose of CSRD

The CSRD aims to provide consumers and investors with better information on the sustainability impacts of businesses. It addresses the shortcomings of the NFRD, where reports often lacked important information, were not comparable, and were sometimes unreliable.

Double Materiality

Companies will need to report on both the risks they face from climate change and their impact on the climate and society, a principle known as "double materiality." This means that companies must consider both the financial materiality (the impact of sustainability matters on the company's financial performance) and the impact materiality (the impact of the company's activities on the environment and society).

Standardization and Digital Format

The CSRD requires company sustainability data to be submitted in a standardized digital format to improve comparability and understandability. This will enable stakeholders to easily analyze and compare the sustainability performance of different companies.


The CSRD applies to large companies, including those based outside the EU with significant operations within it. The criteria for compliance include having a net turnover of €40 million, assets of €20 million, or 250 or more employees. This broad scope ensures that a wide range of companies are held accountable for their sustainability performance.

Impact on SMEs

While the CSRD does not impose new reporting requirements on small companies, it does suggest separate standards for non-listed SMEs to use voluntarily. This recognizes the importance of sustainability reporting for all companies, regardless of their size.

Reporting and Assurance

Sustainability information must be included in management reports and submitted in a standardized digital format. This data will be subject to "limited third-party assurance" to verify its accuracy. The inclusion of third-party assurance enhances the credibility and reliability of the reported sustainability information.

Implementation Timeline

The CSRD will be phased in from 2024 to 2028, with different start dates for companies depending on their size and public interest status. This timeline allows companies to adequately prepare for compliance and ensures a smooth transition to the new reporting requirements.

The CSRD is an important step towards creating a culture of greater public accountability. Its impact extends beyond the EU, as it also applies to non-EU companies operating within the EU. This means that companies worldwide need to be aware of and comply with the CSRD if they have significant operations within the EU.

By requiring companies to report on their sustainability impacts in a standardized and transparent manner, the CSRD promotes the integration of Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors into business decision-making processes. This will not only benefit the environment and society but also contribute to the long-term financial sustainability of companies.

It is crucial for companies to start preparing for compliance with the CSRD as soon as possible. This includes assessing their current sustainability reporting practices, identifying gaps, and implementing necessary changes to meet the new requirements. By doing so, companies can position themselves as leaders in sustainability reporting and gain a competitive advantage in the market.

In conclusion, the CSRD is a game-changer in the field of sustainability reporting. It sets higher standards for companies, promotes transparency and comparability, and enhances the credibility of sustainability information. By embracing the CSRD, companies can demonstrate their commitment to sustainability and contribute to a more sustainable future.

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