What is the CSRD?

What is the CSRD?

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The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) is a new EU legislation that mandates all large companies, as well as listed SMEs, to consistently report on their environmental and social impact activities. This directive aims to assist investors, consumers, policymakers, and other stakeholders in evaluating the non-financial performance of large companies, thereby promoting more responsible business practices. Here are the main points:

Purpose and Impact

The CSRD is designed to change the scope and type of sustainability reporting by companies. With the introduction of the CSRD, the European Commission is setting a standard reporting framework for non-financial data for the first time.


The CSRD was adopted as a part of the Sustainable Finance Package on 21 April 2021 and came into effect on 5 January 2023. It is expected to impact around 50,000 companies across Europe, aiming to standardize non-financial data reporting. Companies are required to submit their reports in alignment with the CSRD by 1 January 2025, covering the 2024 financial year.


The CSRD extends the reporting requirements of the existing Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD). While the NFRD focused on "public interest entities" with over 500 employees, the CSRD requires all large companies (those with more than 250 employees and either over €50 Million in turnover or more than €25 Million in assets) and all listed companies (excluding micro-enterprises) to report on their sustainability.

Information Disclosure

In addition to the requirements of the NFRD, the CSRD introduces new reporting elements. These include the double materiality concept, which encompasses sustainability risks that affect the company and the company's impact on society and the environment. Companies will also need to provide more forward-looking information, disclose information related to intangible assets, and align their reporting with the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR) and the EU Taxonomy.


While the exact sanctions for non-compliance with the CSRD are yet to be determined, they are expected to be significant and will vary among EU member states.

Implications for Businesses

Companies affected by the CSRD should start preparing immediately, given the approaching compliance timeline. Proper understanding and data collection are essential, and seeking expert advice is recommended.

The CSRD represents a significant step towards ensuring transparency in corporate sustainability reporting, emphasizing the importance of understanding the social and environmental impact of business activities.

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD)

The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) was announced by the EU Commission on April 21, 2021. This directive is an amendment to the existing Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD) and significantly expands the reporting requirements for companies within its scope, aiming to enhance the sustainability information available to users. The CSRD will increase the number of companies subject to EU sustainability reporting from approximately 11,700 to around 49,000.

Key points of the CSRD include:

Double Materiality

Companies must assess their impact on people and the environment (impact materiality) as well as sustainability matters that financially impact the company (financial materiality).


Organizations are required to set targets, establish a baseline, and report on progress.

Vastness of Information

The directive requires forward-looking and retrospective information that extends to the entire value chain.

European Taxonomy

Companies must report in alignment with the EU Taxonomy.

Mandatory Assurance

There is a mandatory requirement for limited assurance that could transition to reasonable assurance over time.

Management Report

Sustainability information must be included in the Management Report, which may necessitate restructuring the report to accommodate new types of information.

TCFD Requirements

Companies need to disclose information in line with the Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures (TCFD).

Sustainability Knowledge

Companies must develop and integrate sustainability reporting knowledge to comply with the CSRD.

In exploring the preparation of an ESG report aligned with CSRD standards, it's evident that early adherence offers numerous benefits. These include deeper insights into non-financial factors, cost efficiencies, and innovative changes in production processes. It's also crucial to stay ahead of increasingly stringent ESG regulations.

By proactively developing strategies to minimize negative impacts, a company can become more adaptable and future-ready. Additionally, gearing up for CSRD compliance is vital.

Emphasizing sustainability is key for all organizations, and adopting a structured approach not only facilitates a smoother transition but also capitalizes on the myriad opportunities presented by a focus on sustainability.

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